?

白小姐传听力

听力入门白小姐传演讲VOA慢速白小姐传美文听力教程白小姐传新闻名校课程听力节目影视听力白小姐传视频

加纳可可种植者失去了土地 也失去了生计

kira86 于2019-09-23发布 l 已有人浏览
增大字体 减小字体
尽管加纳政府之前宣布计划增加可可种植者的收入。但是,不管是否得到了农民的许可,可可农场正在被摧毁。许多可可种植者对此无能为力,因为他们的土地是租用的别人的。土地所有者提前终止租约来种植其他作物。
    小E白小姐传欢迎您,请点击播放按钮开始播放……

Ghana's Cocoa Growers Lose Land, Livelihoods

加纳可可种植者失去了土地 也失去了生计

The government in Ghana has announced plans to increase the incomes of cocoa farmers. But, cocoa farms are being destroyed, with or without the permission of the farmers.

尽管加纳政府之前宣布计划增加可可种植者的收入。但是,不管是否得到了农民的许可,可可农场正在被摧毁。

Many cocoa farmers cannot do anything about the situation because they rent the land. The land owners are ending their leases early to develop other crops.

许多可可种植者对此无能为力,因为他们的土地是租用的别人的。土地所有者提前终止租约来种植其他作物。

This month, a bulldozer cleared the land Ama Serwah rented in Asikesu for growing cocoa and other crops. Serwah is the bread-winner of her family. Now, she is trying to think of how to support her children and grandchildren.

本月,一辆推土机推平了西马·瑟瓦在阿斯克苏租用的种植可可和其他作物的土地。瑟瓦是家里的顶梁柱。现在,她正在考虑如何养活她的孩子和孙子孙女。

Asikesu is an area in Ghana famous for growing cocoa. The country supplies about 20 percent of the world's total cocoa crop.

阿斯克苏是加纳着名的可可产地。该地的可可产量约占世界可可总产量的20%。

Many hectares of cocoa trees like Serwah's have been destroyed in Asikesu. Farmers like Serwah have toiled for years growing their crops, on land they do not own or have control over. They believe the land was cleared to raise cattle.

然而现在在阿斯克苏,许多公顷的可可树和瑟瓦的可可树一样已经被摧毁。像瑟瓦这样的农民多年来一直在不归他们所有或无法控制的土地上辛苦地种植庄稼。他们认为这片土地以后会用来养牛。

Serwah said the money she received for the loss of her crops was not enough. And, with land and her crops gone, she said she does not know how she can feed her family.

瑟瓦说她收到的损失庄稼的钱并不够。她说土地和庄稼都没有了,她不知道以后如何养活家人。

David Servor is another former cocoa farmer. He returned to look at the recently destroyed land on which he once farmed. Servor used the profits from his cocoa farming to help pay for his children's school fees.

大卫·瑟沃尔是另一位之前种植可可的农民。他回来看了看他曾经耕种过现在已经毁坏了的土地。瑟沃尔之前都是用种植可可得到的利润来支付孩子们的学费。

Now, with no land to farm cocoa, Servor cannot pay his rent. He has been told to leave his home.

现在,由于没有土地种植可可,瑟沃尔付不起房租。他被房租告知搬出他的家。

About two weeks now I have not had sleep, he said. "Thinking, thinking, thinking, because all what I have done in my lifetime has gone forever. And it's like I'm alive but I'm dead."

他说:“我已经有两个星期没睡觉了。”“一直在不停的想啊,想啊,想啊,因为我这辈子所做的一切都已经一去不复返了。就好像我还活着,但我已经死了。

In Ghana, a government body makes rules for the cocoa industry. This government body sets the price that growers earn from their beans.

在加纳,有一个政府机构为可可产业制定规则。这个政府机构决定种植者从他们的咖啡豆中可获得多少收益。

Earlier this year, Ghana added a "living income differential" fee of $400 on every ton of cocoa beans sold on the market. The country did this with the aim of improving the livelihoods of farmers.

今年早些时候,加纳对市场上每吨可可豆加收400美元的“生活收入差价”。该国这样做的目的是改善农民的生计。

The Concerned Farmers Association does not believe the move will help. The president of the Association is Nana Oboadie Opambour Boateng Bonsu. He said Ghana's cocoa farmers need to protect the crop on which they depend.

有关农民协会认为该举措并没有什么用。协会主席是娜娜·奥波阿蒂·奥帕姆布尔·博阿滕·邦苏。他说,加纳的可可种植者需要保护的是他们赖以生存的可可作物。

Bonsu said, "This is a serious challenge and it's something that we have been fighting for for so long, but it seems the government has put wax in its ears because government is not all that serious about this cocoa issue."

邦苏说:“这是一个严峻的挑战,我们为之奋斗了这么久,但政府似乎把蜡塞进了耳朵里,对此充耳不闻,因为政府对可可问题并没有那么认真对待。

The Ghana Cocao Board sets rules for the cocoa industry in the country. It says the major issue is farmers losing their lands. The agency said farmers rent land from chiefs who later take it back when they see other opportunities.

加纳可可公司董事会为该国的可可产业制定规则。该协会现在主要问题是农民失去了他们的土地。该机构表示,农民从酋长那里租用土地,而酋长在看到其他机会后又收回土地。

While the cocoa agency works with chiefs to fight against the practice, it does not have the right to tell landowners what to do with their property. However, officials say the group offers legal representation to farmers to deal with payment for lost property.

尽管该可可协会与各负责人合作,反对这种做法,但它无权指示土地所有者如何处理他们的财产。不过,有关官员说,该组织会为农民提供法律代表,帮助他们处理损失财产的赔偿问题。

I'm Ashley Thompson.

阿什利·汤普森报道。

VOA慢速排行